Religious or belief discrimination

If you believe you have been treated less favourably on the grounds of your religion, religious belief or philosophical belief then please contact one of our solicitors for advice.

The Equality Act 2010 (“EA 2010”) protects a wide range of workers, including employees, from being discriminated against in a wide range of situations (including, for example, recruitment, training and dismissal).

Your employer is prohibited from:

  1. Treating you less favourably because of your religion, religious belief or philosophical belief without a good reason (direct discrimination)
  2. Applying a neutral rule – Provision, Criterion or Practice (PCP) – to you that would put workers of the same religion, religious belief or philosophical belief as you at a disadvantage as compared to other workers not of the same age (indirect discrimination)
  3. Subjecting you to harassment because of your religion, religious belief or philosophical belief
  4. Victimising you because you intend to or have undertaken an religion, religious belief or philosophical belief discrimination complaint

Although the employer is prohibited from doing these things they may justify such actions in certain circumstances. These include:

  1. Show that there is an occupational requirement for an employee to be of a certain age
  2. Address existing inequalities through the use of positive action. However, positive discrimination is not allowed
  3. Where the job is for a teacher in a denominational school.
  4. Special rules apply to Sikhs working on building sites (see Sikhs and safety helmets).

Your employer will be vicariously liable if you are discriminated against or victimised by another employee. Your employer will also be liable if you are harassed by a third party, the harassment took place on two or more occasions, your employer knew of the harassment and failed to take reasonably practicable steps to prevent the harassment. The offending employee or third party may also be liable.

Compensation for discrimination

If you were to be successful in an age discrimination complaint to the Employment Tribunal then depending on the circumstances you may be awarded a sum in compensation (including compensation for injury to feelings). The Tribunal can also make a declaration as to the rights of both parties and make an appropriate recommendation (including reinstatement, if applicable, or an apology).

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